The Ukrainian language is one of the most widespread Slavic languages on earth, second simply to Russian. Ranked from the quantity of native speakers, Ukrainian may be the 26th most spoken language on the globe. It really is native to around 37 million people, additionally, it’s the other language for another 15 million. You’ll still find it mostly spoken in Ukraine, Russia, Moldova, Belarus, Romania, Poland, Slovakia, Kazakhstan, Canada, USA, and Brazil. Modern Ukrainian, based on the dictionary in the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, has around 256,000 words in fact it is contained in the set of languages which can be successfully developing. The language even features its own holiday - November 9, that's “The Day of Ukrainian writing and language” in Ukraine.
Below, you’ll find some interesting info about this beautiful language.
Two types of “Г”
The Ukrainian alphabet actually includes two versions in the letter “Г”.
One character corresponding to the “ordinary” Slavic “Г г”, represents a guttural fricative sound between “Г” and “Х”, like what “говорити” or “гора”. A character in the form of directions “Ґ ґ” can be a voiced sonorous sound.
You will find almost no original Ukrainian words using the letter “Ґ”, only onomatopoeias(by way of example, “ґaвa” - crow) and foreign borrowings (“ґанок” - porch, from German “Gang”). The letter can be used for the transmission of foreign own names with a voiced G: Ґете, Вінніпеґ. However, in accordance with the current spelling rules using “Ґ” is optional and is substituted with more established “Г”. This unique character appeared in Ukrainian alphabet only from the 1990s.
The most common letter in Ukrainian alphabet is “П”
The largest number of words starts with this character. There are even whole stories consisting of words you start with letter only “П” - Приїздіть, пане Павле,- писав поважний правитель повіту Полікарп. The sentence that starts the storyline means Visit us, Mr. Pavel, - wrote the respectable ruler from the county Polycarp.
The type “Ф” will be the least used letter of the Ukrainian alphabet. In the most cases, words which start out with this letter located Ukrainian from other languages.
Calling all gentlemen
Nouns in Ukrainian have seven cases. One of these could be the vocative сase or, literally, “the calling case” - кличний. Historically, the “calling” form was an element of the Indo-European system of cases and existed in Latin, Sanskrit, and Language of ancient greece. By way of example, the word “пан” (master, sir) carries a vocative case, during the plural - ” панове”, which matches the benefit of “gentlemen”.
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